Despite the fact that she was one of the main accusers during the Salem Witch Trials, not much is known about Abigail Williams before or even after the trials ended. What historians do know is that Abigail Williams was born on July 12, It is not known why Abigail was living with the Parris family but many historians assume her parents had died.
Revenge in the Salem Witchcraft Hysteria: The Putnam Family and George Burroughs Anastasia Karson "If the Putnams and others ever laid plans to ensnare any one person in the course of the witch-hunt, that person was [George] Burroughs. Growing rapidly from the outset, the newcomers busied themselves establishing a governmental and religious order in a purely Puritanical method.
With such success, the population expanded as well, shattering the relative tranquility the people of New England had known in the early years of their colonization.
For example, in the mids, Salem divided into two communities: Salem Town and Salem Village, causing strain on the political, religious, and economical institutions of the people. Beyond these social difficulties, one cannot exclude human character and personal vengeance when considering what prompted the hysteria resulting in the death of nineteen men and women for the practice of witchcraft in Personal assault and revenge played a role in the accusations, often the result of harsh feuds and bitter memories.
The members of the Putnam family were significant contributors to this aspect of the hysteria. Their greatest victim was George Burroughs, a former minister of Salem Village.
The people of Massachusetts were in a state of confusion during the time in which the hysteria occurred. Between andthe colony was enduring a particularly trying period.
Political involvement from the crown had been both unstable and unsettling, as the infrequent attention of the distant government often turned violent.
Religious sermons were full of horrific prophecies, revealing tensions among the people. InCharles II began reviewing the charter of the Massachusetts Bay, clearly hoping to revoke it altogether. An Anglican Church, having been built inagainst the obvious wishes of the Puritan majority.
To begin with, the charter which had given the colony its only legal protection for over half a century was vacated by a stroke of the royal pen, and in addition the King sent a Royal Governor [Sir Edmund Andros] to represent his interests in the Bay who was both an Anglican and a man actively hostile to the larger goals of New England.
Having once been a purely mercantile system, where the colony exists for the economical exploitation of the Mother Country, the independent attitude in the colonies was moving into the economic sector.
The people were no longer content simply to provide for those in England, when domestic needs were prevalent. As a result of such issues, the settlers of Massachusetts Bay had, in one swift moment, lost the title to their land and ran the risk of losing the church structure they were devoted to maintaining.
In the colonies, there was great dissent among the people themselves. Where the settlers had prided themselves on harmony and unity, complaints regarding land disputes and personal feuds flooded the courts. A visitor to Boston in noted the people were "savagely vicious" in their dealings with one another and "acted more out of jealousy and greed than any sense of religious purpose.
When the Puritans swarmed Massachusetts afterSalem thrived economically, partially because of the location, but mostly because of the determination of the people. The increased population and decreased living area resulted in the Town selectmen beginning to make grants to the interior lands starting in The General Court allowed the Town of Salem in the legal right to settle the lands to the west of the Ipswich River.
For this was the beginning of what in time would be called Salem Village and then, still later, the town of Danvers. Members of this outer community soon began to resent the power that Salem Town held over them, and sought greater freedoms and authority regarding their personal interests.
Those who resided in the Town did not feel that this autonomy needed to be granted, and as early as with the case of Wenham, communities began to break away to form independent towns.
When Salem Farms petitioned for their independence in the late s, the Town refused, and a dangerous wedge formed between the two communities. Inthe people of Salem Farms won a small victory when the General Court acknowledged their pleas for their own minister, citing as the cause "great distance from the meeting house".
In the interim, a special tax to help the Town in the construction of a new church was introduced. The men of the Farms refused to pay this tax, "unless you likewise of the Town will share with use when we shall build one for ourselves.
All occurred under the watchful eyes of brothers Thomas and John Putnam The first preacher in Salem Village was James Bayley, a Newbury native whose enthusiasm could not mend the rift that had formed between the two disputing factions that had developed among the community.
Most of the church members were in favor of the appointment of Bayley as minister, but those who opposed him showed their disapproval by not paying their tithes.
Despite the unstable position in which Bayley was ministering to the people, he remained loyal to them for eight years. When his wife died, Bayley chose to leave the village, and accepted a call to a church in Killingworth, Connecticut.
George Burroughs holds in history the distinction of being the only minister executed during the witchcraft hysteria in New England.Salem Witch Trial Roots The nature of humans contributed to the start of the Salem witch trials. Greed in human nature motivated civilians to accuse others of witchcraft.
In the video, George Corwin, a town sheriff, stole the accused’s properties to “line his own pockets” (Source E). The Salem Witch Trials occured in the year of in Salem Massachussets where the bells tolled for a total of 27 people men and wemon. 7 died by the filth of the prison, 1 was crush and 19 were hanged.
I am basing the above debunking of myths and correction of errors on research for my college on the witch hunts and my book, Witch Hunts in the Western World: Persecution and Punishment from the Inquisition through the Salem Trials.
The Salem witch trials occupy a unique place in our collective history. The mystery around the hysteria and miscarriage of justice continue to inspire new critiques, most recently with today’s release of The Witches: Salem, by Pulitzer Prize-winning Stacy Schiff.
During the Salem Witch Trials, an accused person’s fate was determined by whether they chose to confess to or deny practicing witchcraft. Either way, it was a lose-lose situation for the accused because they would lose their property, get thrown in jail (and possibly die of bad conditions), or even get hanged.
What Caused the Salem Witch Trial Hysteria of ? Topic What Caused the Salem Witch Trial Hysteria of ? Ergot The final reason could have been environmental, caused by Ergot Poisoning on the rye that families made their bread from.
Vengeance Salem Witch Trials Need some more help? Here is the Lesson Again! DBQ VIDEO.