Contemporary[ edit ] Seminole woman painted by George Catlin During the Seminole Wars, the Seminole people began to separate due to the conflict and differences in ideology. The Seminole population had also been growing significantly, though it was diminished by the wars. In general, the cultures grew apart and had little contact for a century.
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma Culture and history[ edit ] A sacred religious symbol to the Southeastern peoples was the solar cross which was a symbol of both the sun and fire.
It had several variations, the one shown is from the Caddo from East Texas. Woodland period and Eastern Agricultural Complex The following section deals primarily not with the culture of the peoples in the lengthy period before European contact.
Evidence of the preceding cultures have been found primarily in archeological artifacts, but also in major earthworks and the evidence of linguistics.
In the Late Prehistoric time period in the Southeastern Woodlands, cultures increased agricultural production, developed ranked societies, increased their populations, trade networks, and intertribal warfare.
They supplemented their diet with hunting, fishing,  and gathering wild plants and fungi.
Frank Speck identified several key cultural traits of Southeastern Woodlands peoples. Social traits included having a matrilineal kinship system, exogamous marriage between clans, and organizing into settled villages and towns.
WolfElk, Feline e. PantherFox, Raccoon, and Raptor. In the past, they frequently allowed polygamy to chiefs and other men who could support multiple wives. They held puberty rites for both boys and girls. They used fish poison, and practiced purification ceremonies among their religious rituals, as well as the Green Corn Ceremony.
Many southeastern peoples engaged in mound building to create sacred or acknowledged ritual sites. Many of the religious beliefs of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex or the Southern Cult, were also shared by the Northeastern Woodlands tribes, probably spread through the dominance of the Mississippian culture in the 10th century.
Post-European contact[ edit ] Seminole portraits During the Indian Removal era of the s, most southeastern tribes were forcibly relocated to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River by the US federal government, as European-American settlers pushed the government to acquire their lands.
Since the late 20th century, descendants of these people have organized as tribes; in a limited number of cases, some have achieved federal recognition but more have gained state recognition through legislation at the state level. Visual arts[ edit ] Belonging in the Lithic stage, the oldest known art in the Americas is the Vero Beach bone found in present-day Florida.
It is possibly a mammoth bone, etched with a profile of walking mammoth; it dates to 11, BCE. Such items include chipped stone projectile points and tools; ground stone plummets, gorgets and vessels; and shell and stone beads.
Stone tools found at Poverty Point were made from raw materials that can be traced to the relatively nearby Ouachita and Ozark mountains, as well as others from the more distant Ohio and Tennessee River valleys. Vessels were made from soapstone which came from the Appalachian foothills of Alabama and Georgia.
Mississippian peoples often built platform mounds. They refined their ceramic techniques and often used ground mussel shell as a tempering agent.
Many were involved with the Southeastern Ceremonial Complexa multi-regional and multi-linguistic religious and trade network that marked the southeastern part of the Mississippian Ideological Interaction Sphere.
Information about Southeastern Ceremonial Complex primary comes from archaeology and the study of the elaborate artworks left behind by its participants, including elaborate potteryconch shell gorgets and cups, stone statuaryand Long-nosed god maskettes. By the time of European contact the Mississippian societies were already experiencing severe social stress.The role of Eastern Woodland Culture in the history of the United States of America.
United States History. Home; The rich earth and forests from the Ohio River to the Gulf of Mexico comprised the southeastern part of the Eastern Woodlands. This culture region abuts the Plains Culture to the west and the Subarctic Culture to the north. Pre-Seminole Indigenous Peoples of Florida () The Calusa [ edit ] The Calusa were an indigenous people of Southern Florida located in the southern regions of Florida, and are notable for being highly civilized compared to other tribes.
Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands, Southeastern cultures, or Southeast Indians are an ethnographic classification for Native Americans who have traditionally inhabited the Southeastern United States and the northeastern border of Mexico, that share common cultural traits.
Facts about Seminole Indian food, clothing, houses, villages, art and crafts, weapons and tools, legends, and customs of the Seminole people. Facts for Kids: Seminole Indians (Seminoles) Indigenous languages Native American tribes Native American art.
A Southeastern culture people of Native Americans, originally A closely related group of native North American tribes or Ind A Native American tribe indigenous to the Southeastern United. The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida. Today, they principally live in Oklahoma with a minority in Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent groups.