Settlement[ edit ] Culturally diverse areas or " ethnic enclaves " are another way in which multiculturalism has manifested. Newcomers have tended to settle in the major urban areas. In Canada, there are several ethnocentric communities with many diverse backgrounds, including Chinese, Italian and Greek. During the first half of the 20th century, Chinatowns were associated with filth, seediness, and the derelict.
History of immigration to Canada and History of Canadian nationality law A collection of four maps showing the distribution of the Canadian population for NewfoundlandNewfoundlandand by historical region.
Come to Stay, printed in in the Canadian Illustrated Newswhich refers to immigration to the " Dominion ". After the initial period of British and French colonizationfour major waves or peaks of immigration and settlement of non-aboriginal peoples took place over a period of almost two centuries.
The fifth wave is currently occurring. First wave[ edit ] The first wave of significant, non-aboriginal immigration to Canada occurred over almost two centuries with slow but progressive French settlement of Quebec and Acadia with smaller numbers of American and European entrepreneurs in addition to British military personnel.
Some of these later made their way to Ontario. A second wave of 30, Americans settled in Ontario and the Eastern Townships between the late s and with promises of land.
Some several thousands of Gaelic-speaking Scottish Highlanders from forced land clearances in Scotland migrated to Cape BretonNova Scotia and parts of Eastern Ontario during this period.
It marked a new age for Canada and its people. Second wave[ edit ] The second wave, mainly consisting of British and Irish immigrants or the Great Migrationencouraged immigrants to settle in Canada after the War ofand included British army regulars who had served in that war.
The colonial governors of Canada, who were worried about another American invasion attempt and to counter the French-speaking influence of Quebec, rushed to promote settlement in back country areas along newly constructed plank roads within organized land tracts, mostly in Upper Canada present-day Ontariomuch of the settlements were organized by large companies to promote clearing, and thus farming of land lots.
The French-speaking population was roughlyin and had increased to approx. Demographically it had swung to a majority English-speaking country.
The Dominion Lands Act of copied the American system by offering ownership of acres of land free except for a small registration fee to any man over 18 or any woman heading a household. They did not need to be citizens, but had to live on the plot and improve it.
Also during this period, Canada became a port of entry for many Europeans seeking to gain entry into the U. Canadian transportation companies advertised Canadian ports as a hassle-free way to enter the U.
If found, the transporting companies were responsible for shipping the persons back.
He removed obstacles that included control of the lands by companies or organizations that did little to encourage settlement. The railways kept closed even larger tracts because they were reluctant to take legal title to the even-numbered lands they were due, thus blocking sale of odd-numbered tracts.
Sifton broke the legal log jam, and set up aggressive advertising campaigns in the U. He also brokered deals with ethnic groups that wanted large tracts for homogeneous settlement. His goal was to maximize immigration from Britain, eastern Canada and the U. The fourth wave came from Europe after the Second World War, peaking atin Many were from Italy and Portugal.
Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia was an influential port for European immigration; Pier 21 receivedItalians between until it ceased operations inmaking Italians the third largest ethnic group to immigrate to Canada during that time period.
For example, Ukrainian Canadians accounted for the largest Ukrainian population outside Ukraine and Russia. The Church of England took up the role of introducing British values to farmers newly arrived on the prairies.
In practice, they clung to their traditional religious affiliations. Canadianization was a high priority for new arrivals lacking a British cultural background.
In terms of economic opportunity, Canada was most attractive to farmers headed to the Prairies, who typically came from eastern and central Europe.
Immigrants from Britain preferred urban life.
This was largely influenced in when the Immigration Act was revised and this continued to be official government policy. During the Mulroney government, immigration levels were increased. By the late s, the fifth wave of immigration has maintained with slight fluctuations since ,—, annually.15 Common Arguments against Immigration, Addressed.
The smallest estimates immigration surplus, as it is called, However, as the immigrants assimilate into American ideas and notions, these anti-growth factors weaken over time. immigration and its reasons Immigration has existed during the whole history of humankind.
At distant times tribes roamed in search for new pastures for their livestock, new places for hunting and fishery. Canada prides itself at home and abroad as a country made up of a cultural mosaic rather than a cultural melting pot.
The mosaic is based on our belief that Canada as a whole becomes stronger by having immigrants bring with them their cultural diversity for all Canadians to learn from.
Immigrants who are being welcomed into Canada permanently and not just as temporary workers or international students are at first granted a so-called "landed immigrant" status.
They still receive most social benefits and are permitted to work everywhere in Canada. Nov 03, · Best Answer: Canada: It is a multicultural country much like its parent country, the United Kingdom. It ensures that the ethnic background of all immigrants is "secured" and would be promoted though this should not go in the way of being patriotic to the adopting country which in this case is grupobittia.com: Resolved.
takes into account the hierarchy that different ethnicities are subject to when living amongst each other Melting Pot vs. Cultural Mosaic Homogenity vs. Variety Immigration to Canada between s Country of Origin Total Percentage Total Immigrants: 3,, Immigration to Canada between Country of .